"Dyslexia is a learning difficulty that primarily affects the skills involved in accurate and fluent word reading and spelling. - Characteristic features of dyslexia are difficulties in phonological awareness, verbal memory and verbal processing speed." (Rose Review, 2009)
Dyslexia is a "specific learning difficulty" that affects certain aspects of learning such as reading and writing. Dyslexia is believed to affect 1:10 of the population in the UK. Dyslexia is not related to a person's general level of intelligence. Children and adults of all intellectual abilities can be affected by dyslexia. Indeed many highly successful individuals also have dyslexia: Steven Spielberg, Richard Branson, Tom Cruise, Will.I.Am are all dyslexic.
Dyslexia is lifelong problem that can present challenges on a daily basis, but support is available to improve reading and writing skills and help those with the problem be successful at school and work.